India biomedical waste management market/medical waste management market size was estimated at USD _43.7 million in 2020 and is forecast to reach USD _87.9 million by 2027, growing at a CAGR of _9.6%.
Growth and Trends
Effective waste management being an essential objective for hospitals owing to the properties of medical waste being environmentally hazardous and pathogenic, and with the rising population in India, the market for biomedical waste management in India is likely to witness steep growth. With an alarming increase in the number of patients, thereby resulting in high volumes of bio-medical waste generated, the need for management of biomedical waste is further amplified. Further the initiatives being taken by the government and several non-government organizations for the management of bio-medical wastes is a major driving factor for growth of its market. In addition, growing awareness with regard to bio-medical wastes and their safe disposal is further propelling the market. This market is to experience significant growth due to the increasing volume of healthcare waste and growth in geriatric and obese populations. As a result of the outbreak of Covid-19, there has been a rapid increase in the volume of non-hazardous medical waste, such as empty disinfectant containers and disposable wipes, from hospitals that accentuates the bio-medical waste management market expansion, especially in India which is currently among the countries with the highest number of patients affected by coronavirus. Incineration is the sole method used for pathological waste, such as recognizable tissue and body parts, which accelerates the segmental demand for bio-medical waste management. Thus, adoption of innovative technologies for treatment services along with surged volume of medical waste will further boost segmental growth of the bio-medical waste management market.
While there is a major necessity for the bio-medical waste management market in India, a challenging concern is landfill which is one of the most popular methods of waste disposal in the country, as most of the total solid waste generated is untreated and dumped into landfills due to inefficient waste management systems in India.
From the last two decades, the economical growth has caused too much pollution and waste generation in India. Today biomedical waste or simply hospital waste is now a major concern to the country in terms of growth in pollution. Besides content and comfortable lifestyle rapid urbanization is not only affecting the environment but also negatively contributing to biomedical waste.
India is likely to generate about 775.5 tonnes of medical waste per day by 2022 from the current level of 550.9 tonnes daily, it was a study conducted jointly by industry body ASSOCHAM and Velocity. The Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules 1998 INDIA has made it compulsory for every hospital, clinic, and other medical and veterinary institutes to dispose of their biomedical wastes accordingly. It is the undeniable thing that inadequate hospital waste management can cause growth and multiplication of vectors like insects, rodents, and worms and may lead to transmission of diseases like typhoid, cholera, hepatitis, and AIDS through syringes and needles.
In India, the Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India (1998) has notified Bio-medical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules -1998, which describes ten categories of hospital waste and its treatment.
It includes human tissues, organ, and body and deep burial and incineration is the treatment mentioned.
Animal tissues, organs, body parts carcasses, bleeding parts, fluid, and waste generated by veterinary hospitals colleges, discharge from hospitals. Incineration and deep burial is the solution to it.
Wastes from laboratory cultures, stocks or specimens of microorganisms live or attenuated vaccines, human and animal cell culture used in research and infectious agents can be discarded by autoclaving and microwaving.
Needles, syringes, scalpels, blades, glass, etc. for puncture and cuts. They should be thrown after using proper autoclaving of instruments and disinfectant treatment must be applied.
These are outdated, contaminated drugs and are required to be destructed and disposed of in secured landfills
Items contaminated with blood, and body fluids including cotton, soiled plaster cast hospital beddings, and other material contaminated with blood
Wastes generated from disposable items other than the waste sharps
like tubing’s, catheters, intravenous sets, etc
Liquid waste from hospitals and laboratories should be discarded properly in drains away from residential areas.
It includes ash from incineration of any bio-medical waste and this ash must be disposed of in a municipal landfill.
Chemical treatments used in laboratories and hospitals should be discharged into drains after use.
Lack of data availability and awareness among various sectors is the major key challenge for hospital waste management market but with the growing population and no of patients in hospitals, government and non-government organizations are taking initiative to overcome problems and boost off-site and on-site market based on treatment and services of hospital waste management.
By Treatment Site
By Type of Waste
By Treatment Type
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